It is the Egyptian pharaohs who have built for themselves from 2630 to 1645 BC. J.C., tombs in the shape of pyramids. Although all the pyramids were built for the same purpose, they differ in their shape, size, internal plans and many other components.
There are four kinds of pyramids:
Pyramids with degrees (The first pyramids called "pyramids primitive" dating from the Third Dynasty.)
The pyramids classics (from the beginning of the Fourth Dynasty and are the culmination of the pyramids in degrees)
The pyramids rhomboïdales
The Pyramids in the shape of a sarcophagus
DEGREES TO THE PYRAMID
DJESER ROI (III DYNASTY) - SAQQARAH
The pyramid, in the Neterikhet, better known as Djoser, was built shortly after 2630 BC. J.C. Djoser is the first pyramid in the history of Egypt and the oldest building in the world built entirely of stone that has these dimensions. According to its poorly defined, we can see that the architecture of the monument was still hesitant. The building was started as a large mastaba and then ended the pyramid to six degrees. It traditionally attributed to the design architect Imhotep (it was found inscribed the name of Imhotep on the pedestal of a statue of Djoser).
One room serdab "close" to the Pyramid of Djoser contained a statue of the pharaoh sitting, this is the first large stone statue royal ever known in Egypt.
The king of Sekhemkhet (successor of Djoser) wanted to be building a monument to greater degrees, but this remained unfinished pyramid and gradually disappeared in the sand. Thus it became known as "pyramid buried."
The whole funeral Shepseskaf, one of the last kings of the Fourth Dynasty, is a pyramid-shaped sarcophagus known as Faraoun Mastaba.