ancient Egypt Although one can define temporally the ancient Egypt as the period in the history of Egypt from the invention of the hieroglyphic writing at the end of the ancient concept that refers specifically to the civilization that lived on the banks of the Nile during this period of almost four thousand years of history. The Egyptian collection of tribes who created the first Pharaonic empire until its collapse at the beginning of the Christian era, ancient Egypt has witnessed major events that have profoundly influenced the culture of a large part of peoples the Africa, the Mediterranean and the Middle East.
It is the late Neolithic tribes that are starting to come together in the fertile Nile Valley, leading to the formation of two kingdoms politically distinct but closely linked by a common culture Upper Egypt south, and Lower Egypt to the north (the Nile flows from south to north, from which these names). The tradition attributes to the southern kingdom of the unification of the country (which becomes the first state in the world) and the establishment of the first Pharaonic (by the pharaoh Narmer, many experts believe). Dividing the history of Egypt in large periods and thirty-one dynasties is inherited from the priest-historian THIRD CENTURY BC. AD, although the Egyptians were not earlier this distinction the monarchy for them was continuing.
Pre-dynastic period so-called kings of the North. The stone Palermo mentions ten kings bearing the double crown, a symbol of the Upper and Lower Egypt met, but without their names.